A series of illnesses known as diabetes mellitus alter how the body utilizes blood sugar (glucose). The cells that make up the muscles and tissues rely heavily on glucose as a source of energy. It serves as the primary fuel for the brain.
Each form of diabetes has a different primary etiology. However, diabetes can result in an excess of sugar in the blood regardless of the type you have. Serious health issues can result from an excess of sugar in the blood.
Type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes are chronic diabetes diseases. Diabetes disorders including gestational diabetes and prediabetes may be reversible. When blood sugar levels are greater than usual, prediabetes develops. However, the blood sugar levels are not elevated enough to be classified as diabetes. Additionally, if no preventative measures are done, prediabetes might progress to diabetes. During pregnancy, gestational diabetes can develop. However, it can disappear once the baby is born.
The severity of diabetes symptoms is influenced by blood sugar levels. Some people may not exhibit symptoms, particularly if they have type 2 diabetes or prediabetes. Symptoms of type 1 diabetes frequently appear suddenly and are more severe.
Type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes can both cause the following symptoms:
- noticing a greater than normal thirst.
- frequent urination.
- weight loss without exerting effort.
- ketones are present in the urine. When there is insufficient insulin available, muscle and fat are broken down, producing ketones as a consequence.
- becoming worn out and fragile.
- irritated or experiencing other mood swings.
- having visual problems
- having wounds that take a long time to heal.
- getting several infections, including vaginal, skin, and mouth infections.
Diabetes type 1 can develop at any age. However, it frequently begins in childhood or adolescence. The more prevalent type of diabetes, type 2, can manifest at any age. People over 40 are more likely to have type 2 diabetes.
When to visit the doctor
- If you suspect diabetes in yourself or your child. Diabetic symptoms should be reported to your healthcare physician immediately. The sooner the problem is identified and treated, the better.
- if you have previously received a diabetes diagnosis. You’ll require close medical monitoring following your diagnosis until your blood sugar levels settle.